Sao Paulo, known affectionately to the locals as Sampa, is Brazil’s largest city, with a population of around 11 million living in the city centre. It’s also Brazil’s most urban city, an exciting metropolis that’s renowned for its gastronomy, diverse cultural mix, impressive nightlife and pulsating energy. Sao Paulo has a long history of immigration which, today, means the city has a unique fusion of residents and cultural influences. It is home to the largest community of people of Japanese descent outside of Japan – which is also evident in Sao Paulo’s impressive sushi scene. With many of the city’s residents originating in countries such as Italy, Lebanon, Syria, Germany, China, Armenia, Lithuania and Greece, it’s easy to see how the city has become such a vibrant melting pot. The city is also home to around 150 museums and cultural centres, 15,000 bars and nightclubs, some fantastic world-class restaurants and a host of theatres. It’s a city that never sleeps, and with such a range of attractions, it’s always easy to find something that appeals to everyone. Most of the city’s action takes place in the historic downtown district and areas directly to the west of this, which is also where tourists usually stay.